A STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF CAMEL GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES IN ATHIRIVER ABATTOIR

ABSTRACT

Camel is an even-toed ungulate belonging the genus camelidae which has two species namely Dromedary and Bactrian. Dromedary camels are found in Middle East and Horn of Africa Regions while  Bactrian camels inhabits mainly Central Asia.

The current world population of camels is 28 million with an increasing trend observed for the last few decades. Kenya’s camel population is 3.64 million with majority of the camels kept in the arid and semi arid areas of Northern part of the country.  

A cross section study was conducted in Athi River, Machakos county. A total of  two hundred and fifty three camels meant  for slaughter sampled. Faecal material was collected and analyzed for the presence of helminthes using McMaster faecal egg count technique.

A total of 230 (90.9%) samples were found to be positive for Strongyle eggs, 38 (15.0%) positive for Strongyloid eggs, 3(1.2%) positive for Coccidial occysts, 1(0.39%) positive for tape worm segments. Only 23 (9.1%) samples were found to be negative for any parasite. Culturing of faecal samples was done and larvae of different helminths were identified.  For the Nematodes three genera were identified, namely;  Hemonchus (20%), Trichostronglus (62.14%) and Ostatagia (17.86%).

Five (5) different types of gastrointestinal parasites were found to be infecting the camels examined. Mixed infection with more than one genus of helminths was also observed.

Owing to the economic and public health significance of the parasites found in this study, enlightenment of the camel owners to institute helminths control measure like deworming should be done. In addition further quantitative studies should be done to understand the magnitude of the problem in the country.

 

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